Policy Library

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A Culture of Safety: Misses and Near Misses

Errors in health care have been identified as the third leading cause of death in the US (Makary & Daniel, 2016). To promote student awareness and engagement in creating and promoting of an ongoing culture of safety, the following guidelines will be used when a student is involved in a miss or near miss.

Near Miss

A near miss is an unplanned event that did not result in injury, illness, or damage – but had the potential to do so. Only a fortunate break in the chain of events prevented an injury, fatality or damage; in other words, a miss that was nonetheless very near.

For example, penicillin was ordered for a patient allergic to the drug; however, the pharmacist was alerted to the allergy during computer order entry, the prescriber was called, and the penicillin was not dispensed or administered to the patient. Or the wrong drug was dispensed by pharmacy, and a nurse caught the error before it was administered to the patient.

Steps to address:

  1. During each clinical practicum, the student will:
    • Self-assess environment and nursing practices for events that are identified as a near miss.
    • Report the near miss for review and recommendations.
    • If the student is directly responsible, the behavior will result in one or more of the following actions:
      • Verbal counseling or written contract
    • Complete an error analysis describing the near miss in detail and outline an action plan to prevent future occurrence.
  2. The faculty will:
    • Review the written error analysis, initiate verbal counseling or written contract.
    • Complete the UB School of Nursing Incident Report.
    • Forward copies of the analysis, contract and incident report to the assistant dean for review.
  3. A copy of all documents will be placed in the student record.

Miss

A miss (error) is an unplanned event, situation or error that occurred (completed in that the patient was the object of the error). An injury, illness or damage may have occurred but had a high potential to occur.

For example, a patient is at high risk for falls and is placed on fall precautions (yellow blanket, yellow booties, bed alarm engaged and bed in low position). The patient got out of bed unassisted and fell resulting in a fractured hip. The bed alarm was not engaged.

Steps to address:

  1. The student and faculty will follow the clinical site policy and procedure for reporting of errors (miss).
  2. If the error resulted in injury to the student (needle stick), the will be sent to the ED for evaluation and subsequently report to Michael Hall for further evaluation.
  3. The student behavior will result in the following:
    • Student will complete an error analysis describing the near miss in detail and outline an action plan to prevent future occurrence.
  4. The faculty will:
    • Review the written error analysis and initiate a written contract.
    • Complete the UB School of Nursing Incident Report.
    • Forward copies of the analysis, contract and incident report to the assistant dean for review.
  5. A copy of all documents will be placed in the student record.

Makary, M., & Daniel, M. (2016). Medical error – the third leading cause of death in the US. British Medical Journal, 353, i2139. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i2139 

Academic Integrity and Honor Code

The University’s goals of discovery and innovation begin with the ideals of academic civility and personal respect in order to maintain a supportive atmosphere of learning in both academic and social settings.  The ability to disseminate knowledge and share ideas in an open dialogue is essential to the success of the School of Nursing and its students.  Academic dishonesty – including but not limited to plagiarism, cheating, and falsification – will not be tolerated.  The University expects proper representation of academic work as well as academic civility in all settings.  Academic integrity promotes the moral self-respect and maintenance of competence advanced by the American Nurses Association and is encouraged by the actions of the faculty.  It is crucial to students’ success and the success of their classmates to uphold the values of honesty, respect, inclusiveness, and patience in an academic environment to better shape their professional character.

The School of Nursing upholds the values of the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics, in particular, personal and professional integrity.  All RN licensed School of Nursing students must adhere to the professional Code of Ethics for Nurses and comply with the New York State rules for professional conduct and license requirements. Faculty promote an environment of academic honesty and integrity and place special responsibility for upholding academic honesty on each student. Founded on the principle of respect for others, integrity and responsibility for one’s actions are necessary for the provision of patient and health care, research and teaching.

School of Nursing Honor Code

The University at Buffalo School of Nursing endorses the University's belief that "academic integrity is a fundamental university value. . . [and that] through the honest completion of academic work, students [faculty and staff] sustain the integrity of the university while facilitating the university's imperative for the transmission of knowledge and culture based upon the generation of new and innovative ideas" (from the Academic Integrity section of the UB Undergraduate Degree and Course Catalog). The University’s goals of discovery and innovation begin with the ideals of personal respect and academic civility in order to maintain a supportive atmosphere of learning in academic, clinical and social settings. The ability to disseminate knowledge and share ideas in an open dialogue is essential to the success of the School of Nursing.

The School of Nursing additionally upholds the values of the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics (2015), and the rules for professional conduct of the New York State Office of the Professions. These values and rules, which emphasize the principles of respect for self and others, personal and professional integrity, and responsibility for one’s actions, identify the tenets that are necessary for the provision of patient and health care, research and teaching.

Based on these perspectives, the School of Nursing Honor Code is based on the following principles:

  1.   Respect for patients, privacy and confidentiality
  2.   Respect for self, faculty, staff, colleagues and members of the health care team
  3.   Professional demeanor and attire
  4.   Accuracy, honesty and completeness in all written and verbal communications
  5.   Respect for diversity
  6.   Respect for property
  7.   Respect for policies, regulations and laws
  8.   Confidentiality of academic and clinical records
  9.   Academic integrity and standards
  10.   Fitness for duty
  11.   Fairness
  12.   Responsibility

The School of Nursing's faculty, staff and students are responsible to exhibit these principles to promote an environment of high ethical and academic standards within the classroom and clinical settings.

By accepting admission to the University at Buffalo School of Nursing, students are expected to exhibit appropriate professional behavior consistent with the values of the SON and the nursing profession. Students assume personal responsibility to be in a physical and mental condition conducive to the provision of safe nursing care and the development of the knowledge and skills required to give this care.

The School of Nursing has a responsibility to promote academic integrity and to develop procedures to deal effectively with instances of academic dishonesty. Students are responsible for the honest completion and representation of their work, for the appropriate citation of sources, and for respect for others' academic endeavors. By placing their name on academic work, students certify the originality of all work not otherwise identified by appropriate acknowledgments.

Honor Code Pledge

“I [insert name] am committed to following the UB School of Nursing Honor Code with honesty, integrity, respect, responsibility and ethics. I will refrain from any form of academic or clinical dishonesty or deception, such as cheating or plagiarism. I am aware that as a member of UB SON academic community it is my responsibility and obligation to report all suspected violations of the Honor Code.” (adapted from Langone, M. (2007). Promoting integrity among nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 46(1), 45-47.)

Annual Academic Review and Doctoral Student Annual Report

PhD students will receive a formal evaluation of their academic progress after the first semester of enrollment and annually thereafter. The annual meeting will include faculty who teach and advise PhD students in addition to members of the PhD Committee and the assistant dean. The student evaluation includes feedback on progress in the program, including assessing overall GPA, addressing any incomplete or resigned courses, monitoring progress toward completing coursework, preparing for the qualifying exam and timely defense of proposal and defense of dissertation. A follow-up letter regarding the student’s standing will be sent by the assistant dean of the PhD program indicating his/her progress and status in the program.  In the event of need for improvement, the assistant dean will consult with the student’s advisor for appropriate feedback and recommendations for advisement and mentoring.

All doctoral students are required to meet with their advisors for discussion, approval and submission of a completed PhD Student Annual Report and up-to-date Program Agreement. The Office of Student Services will send all PhD students the requirements for the annual report.  The student must email an electronic copy of the program agreement to his/her advisor or dissertation chair by the posted deadline (usually April). Once completed and discussed with the program advisor/dissertation chair, the reports are sent to the Office of Student Services. 

Background Check

Students are required to complete a background check, at their own expense, prior to the start of the program. Details including deadline will be provided upon admission.

Basic Life Support for Health Care Providers Policy

Students who participate in clinical experiences must maintain current documentation of having completed a course on Basic Life Support (including both adults and pediatrics) for health care providers while in the nursing program. This course, along with appropriate documentation, must be obtained through the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association. Online CPR certifications are not accepted.

If the student is unable to fulfill this requirement due to physical inability to perform the procedures, he/she must provide medical documentation from a health care provider. Although the student has a disability, he/she must still provide evidence that a course was completed.  This is in case the disabled student finds himself/herself in an emergency situation in which he/she is the only health care provider available who can verbally guide another individual through the process of rendering basic life support measures.

Students are required to have a current BLS certification prior to any clinical nursing activity. Failure to provide documentation of BLS will prohibit the student’s participation in and passing of clinical nursing courses. Be sure to submit a copy of BLS card to the Office of Student Services, Beck Hall, to remain in the program and participate in clinical courses.

Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure Policies

Agencies unable to comply with this policy will not be used by the University. Students must have successfully met the requirements encompassed in the performance of infection control procedures before providing care to patients involving contact with blood and body fluids.

Students judged to be competent to give such care will be expected to care for patients with diagnoses of AIDS, AIDS Related Complex, HIV, and Hepatitis B and C. Students will be assigned at the discretion of the instructor.

If a body fluid exposure should occur, the student must immediately notify the clinical instructor and follow the agency's policy regarding immediate care, follow-up and reporting. The student is responsible for any charges associated with testing and treatment of any injuries during clinical (including on-campus sites). The student should seek treatment at a facility covered by their insurance or as directed.

An incident report is completed according to agency policy. The clinical instructor is responsible for notifying to the assistant dean for undergraduate program in writing through completion of a UBSON incident report. 

BS-PhD Research Elective Requirement

Three credits of research elective (to be taken as 1 to 3 credits over the first year of enrollment) are required the first year as a BS-PhD student.

The Research Area Elective is a course taken individually with a faculty member, usually in the School of Nursing, who is expert in the same or similar substantive content area as the student.  The elective nature is because the student is free to choose the faculty member with whom the course is taken. It is very likely that the faculty member chosen will be the student’s advisor or prospective dissertation chair.

The course is taken in the first full time year of study. It may be taken as three full credits or divided among semesters (for example, one credit in the first semester and two in the second semester. The course is designed to be flexible. The student and his/her advisor will decide together whether the elective is taken as an independent study (for example, guided readings and in-depth discussions) or a course in the student’s substantive content area of research interest. Regardless, the aim of the research area elective course is to support students’ in-depth exploration a research area of interest (e.g. through the published literature) in order to identify and refine the PhD research program which will culminate in the dissertation research.

Students must consult with the prospective faculty member they have chosen and their advisor (if not the same) and receive approval prior to enrolling. Students will register using NGC 600 for Independent study, or register for a course in their substantive area with their advisor’s approval. If taken as NGC 600, the student and faculty member will complete and submit the Independent Study application for approval by the PhD Committee.

Cancellation of Courses (PhD Program)

From time to time it may become necessary to cancel a course due to low enrollment or other issues. This will be done at the discretion of the assistant dean for the PhD program and the Office of Academic Affairs.

Change of Name/Address

It is the student's responsibility to immediately inform the Office of Student Services in the School of Nursing and the course coordinator(s) for all enrolled nursing courses of any changes in name, address or telephone number. Students must also notify the Registrar’s office of changes in name and/or address.

Changes within PhD Committees when Graduate Faculty Leave UB

Clinical Rotations (Undergraduate)

Students will receive specific information, from the course coordinator, regarding day and time for clinical placements prior to the start of each rotation. Clinical placements may occur any day of the week (including weekends) and shifts will vary, but will not interfere with other required learning activities.

Clinical/Laboratory Student Evaluation

Based on direct observation, records will be utilized by individual instructors to formulate an evaluation of the student's performance at the completion of each laboratory experience. Evaluation is as follows:

  1. Evaluation of student performance and achievement will be written. These evaluations are based on course objectives.  
  2. Evaluation summaries are to be seen by the student and signed and he/she is given the opportunity to add his/her written comments.
  3. Such evaluations will be done via conferences between students and faculty members having clinical contact with students.
  4. Summaries of student progress will include evidence of growth and accomplishment as well as areas needing improvement.
  5. Evaluation summaries for clinical courses will be kept on file in the Office of Student Services in the School of Nursing.
  6. According to FERPA, students have the right to inspect contents of records kept on them for administrative and advisement purposes unless they waive the right of access.

Communication Channels

  • All students are expected to subscribe to their respective class listserv and to abide by all announcements and instructions.
  • All students are expected to view and read official UB email a minimum of every day for important announcements and communication. Choosing to ignore email is not a valid excuse for being unaware.
  • Students will be informed by course faculty where to submit course assignments.

Student Course Representatives

These individuals are selected by their peers to represent the students enrolled in particular courses. They participate in appropriate course meetings and can place items on the course meeting agenda for discussion. They serve as a liaison between the students and course faculty, bringing information and concerns from the students to the faculty in a professional manner and channeling information from the faculty to the students. They are expected to be knowledgeable about course matters and to establish and maintain a viable communication system with the students so that they can speak on their behalf.

Course Coordinator

This faculty member is responsible for the overall organization and administration of a particular course. He/she orients students to the courses, establishes a system of faculty/student communication, makes all arrangements for the theoretical and clinical components of the course so that they are consistent with course objectives, informs students of changes in University and/or School of Nursing policies and in course requirements and schedules, compiles and reports grades in collaboration with course faculty, develops a plan for course evaluation and meets with student course representatives to discuss ideas and concerns regarding the course whenever appropriate.

Customary channel of communication concerning course-related matters

Flow chart of communications from students to student representatives to course coordinator to assistant dean for undergraduate programs.

If these customary channels do not satisfy the need or concern under consideration, students may consult directly with the associate dean for academic affairs or dean.

Courses Open to Non-Matriculated Graduate Nursing Prospects

Registered nurses who hold a master’s degree in nursing or who have earned at least 24 credits toward a master’s degree in nursing are permitted to register for a maximum of nine credits of doctoral courses as non-matriculated students. With instructor permission and course availability, doctoral courses that may enroll non-matriculated students are: NGC 701 State of Nursing Science; NGC632 Interpreting Health Care Policy; NUS 705 Designing and Testing Interventions and Innovations; NUS 694 Quantitative Methods in Health Care Research (see placement policy); NUS 697 Advanced Qualitative Research Methods; NUS 691 Advanced Information Technology in Practice, Education, and Research; NGC 692 Seminar in Grantsmanship; 695 Advanced Statistical Techniques; and NUS710 Interpretive Phenomenology. Students may also consider updating their research and statistical analysis knowledge by enrolling in NGC 526 Evaluating Research Evidence for Health Care I (required for BS-PhD students) or NGC 527 Evaluating Research Evidence for Health Care II (required for BS-PhD and MS-PhD students who are unsuccessful in passing the required statistical assessment placement examination). A non-degree application must be filed with the Office of Student Services.

Courses Open to UB Non-Nursing Graduate Students

UB graduate students who are not enrolled in nursing programs may take doctoral courses in the School of Nursing. Interested individuals should contact the School of Nursing’s Office of Student Services and the faculty of the course of interest.

Dismissal Appeal Process (Undergraduate)

A student who is dismissed may petition (in writing) the Undergraduate Program Committee through the director of student services within 45 calendar days from the date of dismissal. Petition procedures are as follows:

  1. The student will submit a petition through the director of student services no later 45 days following the dated dismissal notification. The  statement to the Undergraduate Program Committee should include the student’s perception of the factors that contributed to his/her present status as well as a detailed plan for removing obstacles to his/her successful progression in the School of Nursing, if the appeal is granted.
  2. The related course faculty will also submit statements to the Undergraduate Program Committee that include his/her perception of the factors that contributed to the student’s present status and a recommendation, with rationale, to grant or deny readmission of the student to the School of Nursing, within 10 academic days of the department’s receipt of the student’s appeal statement.
  3. These statements, along with the academic record of the student, will be evaluated by the Undergraduate Program Committee. If the need arises, any one of the parties may be requested to submit additional information to the Committee, in writing or in person.
  4. The decision of the Undergraduate Program Committee will be forwarded to the student, the assistant dean for undergraduate programs, and the associate dean for academic affairs by the director of student services, within 25 academic days* of receipt of the student’s appeal statement. Late appeals may be considered at the discretion of the Undergraduate Program Committee.
  5. If the appeal is granted, notice of that will include the terms and conditions of continued progression in the School of Nursing. Students who are granted continued study will be permanently dismissed, without opportunity for appeal, following an additional failure of any upper-division nursing course.
  6. Appeal decisions are final. Students who are dismissed from the School of Nursing are not eligible to re-apply, per our admissions policy.

*Academic days are defined as weekdays when classes are in session, not including the summer or winter sessions.

In making decisions regarding progression of students who are out of sequence in the nursing program, individuals will be allowed to continue on a space-available basis.Please see Program Specific Guidelines policy for details. Students in good academic standing within the School of Nursing who maintain continuous registration in required nursing courses will receive first priority. The remaining students may be given priority on the basis of their cumulative and upper-division nursing GPAs at the time the decision is made.

Distance Accessibility

The PhD program curriculum is accessed by students through distance technology. Courses are offered in asynchronous, synchronous and hybrid formats as determined by the faculty. Regardless of the manner in which courses are offered, each course has due dates for assignment completion and required levels of student participation in on-line discussion, projects with fellow students, etc. Students are required upon admission to obtain required hardware and software and work with the School’s distance learning specialist to receive approval of their equipment and assure their ability to connect. Ongoing disruption of class due to student’s inappropriate technology and/or failure to work with IT to make appropriate corrections will not be tolerated.

Email Policy

The UB School of Nursing requires that all students’ email correspondence to university faculty and staff be sent from a UBIT address to protect the security of our server as well as to protect student privacy according to federal legislation (FERPA). Faculty and staff will not respond to non-UBIT addresses.

Felony Conviction Notice

Accepted nursing majors previously convicted of a felony should know that New York State can deny the right to be licensed. We encourage students with such records to consult with the New York State Office of the Professions prior to spending time and money completing nursing course work.

Fitness for Duty (MS/DNP)

Students are expected to fully participate in all classroom, laboratory and clinical activities without restriction. A student is expected to inform (disclose) to a nursing faculty member or staff member (director of student services) any health related issue that may put either the student or client in danger.

A student may be required to provide evidence from his/her health care provider if restrictions in learning activities are needed due to health reasons. To the extent possible faculty will work with the student to achieve the required learning outcomes.

Student may need to withdraw from nursing courses in order to allow time to receive treatment and improve his/her health condition and to maintain the safety of clients. Refer to Leave of Absence and Withdrawal policies within the graduate school. 

Fitness for Duty (Undergraduates)

Students are expected to fully participate in all classroom, laboratory, and clinical activities (collectively, “Learning Activities”) without restriction. Please refer to the Technical Standards Policy for details. A student is expected to inform (disclose) to a nursing faculty member or advisor (director of student services) any health related issue that may put either the student or client in danger.

A student may be required to provide evidence from his/her health care provider if restrictions in Learning Activities are needed due to health reasons, or if there is a concern that the student’s health may put the student or a client in danger. Depending upon the facts and circumstances, the School of Nursing may require evidence from a healthcare specialist before a student is permitted to participate or to resume participation in Learning Activities. To the extent possible, faculty will work with the student to achieve the required learning outcomes.

A student may need to withdraw from nursing courses (and all Learning Activities) in order to allow time to receive treatment and improve his/her health condition and to maintain the safety of clients. Refer to Leave of Absence  policy for additional information.

Graduate Coursework for Undergraduate Credit

Guidelines for Electronic Thesis/Dissertation Preparation and Submission

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Patient confidentiality at the facilities used by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York School of Nursing is considered to be of primary importance. In addition to each facility policy, a federal law called the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requires patient health information to be kept confidential. Patients and their families have a right to deal with their health information use in a private and secure manner, trusting that their privacy will be maintained. In order to protect this right to confidentiality and to comply with federal and state laws, students must agree to hold all information (including, but not limited to, patient names, their medical information and relevant agency information) gained through their clinical assignments at any facility used by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York School of Nursing in strictest confidence. Confidentiality includes, but is not limited to, not discussing patients or their medical conditions with persons who do not have a need to know and not removing any documents with individually identifiable patient data from the facility.

Students need to understand the terms of this Confidentiality Policy and agree to abide by the above requirements. Students also need to understand that any breach of a patient’s confidentiality may result in disciplinary action against them and possible removal from the clinical site to which they have been assigned.

The privacy rule of HIPAA requires that all agencies be able to demonstrate that they have trained their employees and others who do business with them so that they understand all the privacy procedures required by this rule. Clinical agencies require that we provide evidence that faculty and students have met this requirement. Students must complete the HIPPA tutorial provided by the School of Nursing. Clinical agencies require documentation of orientation to their facilities as well as completion of content related to HIPAA regulation.

Health Requirements

Participation in clinical laboratory experiences by nursing students necessitates that particular attention be given to protection of the health of both students and the public with whom they come in contact. Certain preventive measures on the part of nursing students are, therefore, required.

Each student must assume responsibility for meeting health requirements established by the School and/or the various agencies that are utilized.

All students must have a physical examination including required health professional immunizations and a PPD test before starting the program. A health appraisal form must be completed yearly. PPD must be repeated annually. If the test is positive or not done, a chest x-ray is required. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has declared student nurses to be one of the groups most at risk for Hepatitis B. Therefore, all undergraduate students are required to have the Hepatitis B vaccine. Students must start this series of injections prior to the deadline set in their admissions letter and complete it on track in order to start and participate clinical experiences. In addition, the School of Nursing requires documentation of a chicken pox titer or a documented history of having had chicken pox. Other immunization requirements may be required to meet health requirements of various health agencies and New York State Department of Health, such as influenza vaccine. These requirements will be communicated to the students as necessary.

UB School of Nursing (SON) students are required to rotate through hospital-based clinics in order to complete the program. All SON students must comply with New York State Department of Health immunization requirements for hospital personnel in order to participate in hospital-based rotations.

A student may need to withdraw from nursing courses in order to allow time to receive treatment and improve his/her health condition and to maintain the safety of clients. Refer to leave of absence and withdrawal policies in the undergraduate policies section.

Leave of Absence Policies and Procedures

Students requesting leave from the University should meet with the director of student services prior to the leave period to assure proper advisement. Please review the University’s leave of absence policy for important details.

Students returning after a leave of absence from clinical that exceeds six months will be required to complete a competency assessment to ensure students are prepared to provide safe, quality nursing care. The competency assessment will be scheduled by the course and laboratory coordinators with the student prior to the start of the semester. The competency assessment will include:

  1. Successful demonstration of Safe Skill Performances (SSPs) for any clinical course completed prior to the leave of absence
  2. Completion of two simulation experiences
  3. Provide the certificate of completion of all Institute of Health Care Performance (IHI)Modules required in the program progression up until the request for return from leave
  4. Completion of medication calculation assessment

Based upon each student’s performance on the above assessments, an individual action plan for improvement will be developed, if necessary, to assist the student to successfully re-integrate into the undergraduate program; all students are expected to fully comply with any individual action plan.

Liability Insurance

Student liability insurance is provided by the University at Buffalo. Coverage is effective only when students are performing activities associated with requirements of the educational program.

Master’s and Certificate Program Progression and Requirements for Graduation

Students must maintain a 3.0 GPA to automatically progress in the Masters or Certificate programs. Graduation is dependent on the completion of all required courses on the degree plan established by the advisor and student.

Math Competency for Safe Administration of Medications and IV Therapy Policy

Purpose

The competent and safe practice of medication calculation and administration is a critical component of professional nursing practice. The UB School of Nursing has the responsibility to prepare graduates to safely and competently calculate and administer medications and intravenous fluids in a variety of health care settings.

Policy

Each undergraduate student is required to pass a medication calculation/IV therapy examination comprised of 10 test items for each of the following clinical courses: NSG 373, 375, 474 and 481. A passing grade of 90% is required to pass the course. Students not successful after the initial attempt will be given a second opportunity to meet the 90% proficiency. Students who do not achieve 90% after a second attempt will not pass the course.

To further evaluate students’ proficiency with medication calculation, each corresponding theory course (NSG 371, 374, 470 and 478) will include medication, math and IV therapy test items (3 to 5), which are relevant to the course content, on each examination given in the course.

Procedure

To facilitate student achievement, the following activities are provided:

  1. During the pre-matriculation orientation(s), students are informed of the policy.
  2. Practice test items, tutorials and remediation will be provide during orientation or incorporated in the pre-matriculation online requirements.
  3. Upon matriculation, all students are provided a practice test that is subsequently graded to identify students who are not meeting the established competency level.
  4. The respective course coordinator in NSG 373, 375, 474 and 481 will provide specific remediation opportunities for all students. Following remediation, all students are provided a second practice test.
  5. The medication/calculation/IV therapy assessment test is given at mid-term or at the discretion of the course coordinator. Students who meet the passing grade of > 90% will meet the requirement for passing.
  6. Students who do not meet the passing grade of > 90% will be provided an opportunity to remediate.
  7. A second medication/calculation/IV therapy assessment test is given prior to finals week for students who did not achieve a 90% on the first test. Students who achieve < 90% will not meet the requirement for passing the course.

Minimum Grade Policy (Undergraduate)

A student must achieve a minimal final course grade of 75% (C+) for successful completion of all undergraduate courses in the nursing program. A student must achieve an 83% (B) for all graduate level courses taken in the nursing program.

Minimum Exam Grade Policy

A student is required to achieve a 75% average on all exams in a nursing course. 

Rounding Policy for all Grading in Undergraduate Program

Individual assignments and test grades will be carried to the second decimal place throughout the semester.

Example

Exam 1 = 74.27; Exam 2 = 83.49; Exam 3 = 79.16; Final = 80.26

Individual grades are then added and weighted for a final grade.

Example

74.27 + 83.49 + 79.16 + 80.26 = 317.18/4 = 79.25

Only the final grade is rounded to the nearest whole number using standard mathematical rounding.

Example

79.25 = 79

Standard mathematical rounding requires the first digit after the decimal to be at least 0.5 to round up.

Example

74.6 would be recorded as 75 and 74.49 would be recorded as 74.

Needle Stick Policy

The clinical instructor (undergraduate programs)/course coordinator (graduate programs) will complete a UBSON Incident Report and notify the course coordinator (undergraduate only) and assistant dean.

The student should seek treatment at a facility covered by his/her insurance or as directed. The student should heed the recommendations of the health care professional performing the initial evaluation for the occupational exposure, including follow-up. If a student does not have a local primary care provider with whom to follow-up, the student should contact University at Buffalo Student Health Services at 716-829-3316 to make an appointment with the infectious disease specialist on staff and request lab results be sent to UB SHS as soon as they are available (fax: 716-829-2564).

The student is responsible for any charges associated with testing and treatment of any injuries during clinical (including on-campus sites) or while administering flu shots. 

NGC 536 - Selected Topics

Selected topics courses allow faculty to offer new courses on an experimental basis without seeking formal approval. When a student takes a Selected Topics course, a copy of the course outline should be retained to submit with the student's Application to Candidacy (ATC).

NGC 600 - Independent Study (PhD students)

NGC 600, Independent Study, is available to any graduate student as an elective when appropriate to the student's educational goals and with the approval of the student's advisor. Students may enroll for Independent Study under the guidance of an appropriate university faculty member.

Guidelines for Independent Study for DNP Students

Independent Study may consist of directed study, readings, individualized instruction, field experience, research or other appropriate activities. Students may apply up to a maximum of 6 credits of Independent Study to their program. Approval of a proposal for Independent Study is contingent upon the availability of faculty and facilities and approval of the student's advisor.

The student must make an explicit agreement with a graduate faculty member or with other appropriate faculty as recommended by the student's advisor. The student must submit an Independent Study Proposal Form to the Office of Student Services as soon as plans are finalized.  The proposal is then reviewed by the School of Nursing PhD Committee and, if approved, forwarded to the Graduate School for review.  Independent Study proposals should be submitted in the semester prior to that planned for implementation.

One copy of the Independent Study Form should be retained in the Office of Student Services to submit to the Graduate School with the student’s Application to Candidacy (ATC).

NGC 600 - Independent Study (MS/DNP Students)

NGC 600, Independent Study, is available to any graduate student as an elective when appropriate to the student's educational goals and with the approval of the student's advisor. Students may enroll for Independent Study under the guidance of an appropriate university faculty member.

Guidelines for Independent Study for DNP Students

Independent Study may consist of directed study, readings, individualized instruction, field experience, research or other appropriate activities. Students may apply up to a maximum of 6 credits of Independent Study to their program. Approval of a proposal for Independent Study is contingent upon the availability of faculty and facilities and approval of the student's advisor.

The student must make an explicit agreement with a graduate faculty member or with other appropriate faculty as recommended by the student's advisor. The student must submit an Independent Study Proposal Form to the Office of Student Services as soon as plans are finalized.  The proposal is then reviewed by the School of Nursing MS/DNP Committee and, if approved, forwarded to the Graduate School for review.  Independent Study proposals should be submitted in the semester prior to that planned for implementation.

One copy of the Independent Study Form should be retained in the Office of Student Services to submit to the Graduate School with the student’s Application to Candidacy (ATC).

NSG 447 Academic Policy

Students taking NSG 447 may do so out of town only with approved clinical agencies if they have achieved an overall GPA of 3.0 or higher and are not currently or previously been on contract for academic or behavioral concerns. Exceptions may be made at the discretion of the course coordinator, based on student clinical performance evaluations and clinical faculty support.

For all out-of-town placements, the School of Nursing must enter into a formal contractual agreement with the cooperating agency and an adjunct faculty. This is a time-consuming process and because of legal constraints imposed either by SUNY, the State Education Department or by the out-of-town agency, a satisfactory and timely contract cannot always be negotiated. Informal agreements between students and staff of the agency are not sufficient and do not constitute a guarantee that a student placement can be made.  Students intending to go out of town for this course should keep these factors in mind and consult with the course coordinator of NSG 447 in the semester prior to enrolling in the course.

Student may only be allowed to start NSG 447 if all other nursing coursework is complete with grades of C+ of higher. A student who fails a course in their final semester will be dropped from NSG 447 prior to the course start date. Students should note that should this action drop their spring registration below 12 credits, there may be financial aid ramifications. Students are responsible for any financial ramifications associated with dropped, resigned or failed coursework.

NSG 495 Supervised Teaching (3 credits)

Outstanding undergraduate students can enrich their education and gain personal recognition through participation in a supervised teaching experience with a nursing faculty member. In concert with the faculty member, student teachers will have an opportunity to develop their leadership, management, teaching, technology and presentation skills in a course previously completed. Typically, instructors recruit students when they are in need.

Eligibility

Eligible students are those who previously completed the course and earned a grade of A or A- or have prior experience in the subject and have a GPA of 3.0.

Course Outline

Required student teacher activities:

  • A minimum of 3 hours per week of class or class support activities
  • Effective communication skills and enthusiasm about sharing knowledge with others
  • Preparation for individual and group student activities
  • Organization and presentation skills
  • Organization and tracking of course activities and communication with students

Other Requirements

Competent skills:

Grading

A letter grading system will be used. Grading will be based on an established contract/rubric for the specific course.

The faculty mentor has the right to terminate the mentorship based on student teacher’s attendance, participation, dependability, quality of work and academic standing.

NSG 497 Honors Research

Provides an opportunity for outstanding undergraduate students in nursing to enrich their education and gain personal recognition through participation in the scholarly work of a faculty mentor. In concert with the faculty member, a student conducts a research project that culminates in a senior thesis of publication quality. 

Course Description (6 credits)

An opportunity for outstanding undergraduate students in nursing to enrich their education and gain personal recognition through participation in the scholarly work of a faculty mentor. In concert with the faculty member, the student conducts a research project that culminates in a senior thesis of publication quality. (Fall semester: 3 credits and Spring semester: 3 credits)

Course Objectives

Upon completion of the Honors Research Program, the student will be able to:
  1. Apply the scientific process in conducting a small research project.
  2. Write succinctly an overview of a research project.
  3. Present research findings and answer questions in a public forum.
  4. Demonstrate ability to communicate research findings in written and verbal forms.

Prerequisites

  • Full-time with completion of 90 credits
  • NSG 348 Introduction to Nursing Research
  • Minimum nursing GPA of 3.50 on a 4.00 scale is required
  • Permission of instructor

Additional Eligibility Requirements

Submit all required documents to son-cnr@buffalo.edu for approval by the associate dean for research and scholarship no later than four weeks prior to the start of the semester.

  • One-page personal statement describing how participation in the Honors Program will promote your educational goals and enrich your education at UB
  • Brief description of the proposed research idea
  • Written consent from a faculty member who will supervise the research project
  • One letter of reference from a School of Nursing faculty member (excluding the faculty supervisor) who can attest to your academic qualities.
  • Maintain a nursing GPA of 3.50 on a 4.00 scale throughout the senior year

Required Student Activities

  • Three credit hours (an average of six hours per week) each semester of the senior year, supervised by a member of the School of Nursing faculty
  • Development and execution of a research project that is encompassed within the faculty mentor’s program of research
  • Regular meetings between the student and faculty mentor
  • A written progress report submitted to the faculty mentor at the end of the fall semester
  • A senior thesis of publication quality (a final report following the usual conventions of scholarly writing (15-20 pages), or a manuscript that is submitted to the advisor by March 15)
  • A written abstract to accompany the presentation
  • Presentation of the research at a public forum in the School of Nursing
  • Reading List: Readings will be done as agreed upon by the faculty mentor and student

Grading

  • The letter grade system will be used. A grade will be given each semester.
  • The student must receive a grade of B+ or higher for the thesis to graduate with School of Nursing honors.
  • The faculty advisor has the right to terminate mentorship of the student if the student does not meet expectations of the Honors Research Program.

Honors will be noted on transcripts as highest distinction (GPA of 3.85-4.00), high distinction (GPA of 3.70-3.84) or distinction (GPA of 3.50-3.69).

NSG 499 (Independent Study) Guidelines

Independent study is meant to allow students an opportunity to engage in individualized learning outside required curriculum, under the guidance of an appropriate faculty member. In some cases, an independent study may address a special topic area that the student in interested in developing, or may be related to an internship opportunity in the community. In order to participate in such an experience, the student must have a prior agreement with a faculty member who is willing to sponsor and supervise his/her work.

  • Independent study is primarily intended to assist students in pursuing depth in an area of concentration; therefore, it is most appropriately carried out by, but not limited to, students in the junior and senior years.
  • Independent study credit is variable (1-3) in any one semester. This credit is free elective and cannot replace any required nursing or general education coursework.
  • Approval for any independent study proposal is always contingent upon availability of faculty and facilities.
  • The students must use the Undergraduate Independent Study Proposal (NSG 499) form (available in UBlearns) to obtain the written consent of the faculty member or members who will supervise his/her project.
  • Any student proposal involving utilization of human subjects must be reviewed, prior to implementation, by the Human Subjects Review Board. The faculty project advisor should be consulted about the necessary procedure.
  • The Undergraduate Program Committee may be consulted by either the student or the faculty project advisor concerning overlapping with or duplication of required or elective nursing courses, depth of presently offered courses, etc.

Directions

  1. Work with your supervising faculty member to complete the Undergraduate Independent Study Proposal (NSG 499) form (available in UBlearns).
  2. Submit the completed, signed form to the assistant dean for undergraduate programs prior to the first day of the semester for which you wish to register.
  3. If approved, the assistant dean will sign and forward to the Office of Student Services and you will be automatically registered for NSG 499. You will see the update in your HUB Student Center.
  4. The Office of Student Services will submit paperwork for a partial fee waiver for summer and winter off-campus internships providing the student is not taking other on-campus courses at that time.

Nursing Licensure (MS/DNP)

All students must provide a copy of their current US RN license (or equivalent) to the Office of Student Services during the admissions process. All students are responsible for keeping a current record on file for the duration of their program. 

NUS 699 - Dissertation Credit

Dissertation credit is most typically taken following the completion of required coursework.  After the student has completed nine credits of required doctoral courses, the student may register for dissertation credit. Up to six dissertation credits maximum may be taken prior to taking the Qualifying Examination. The student’s dissertation chair must be approved by the assistant dean for the PhD program before the student can register for any dissertation credit.  The faculty advisor works with the student to identify the dissertation chair (which may be, but is not required to be, the faculty advisor). The selected dissertation chair must also agree. The advisor sends a memo to the assistant dean indicating the student’s choice for a dissertation chair. Once approved, the assistant dean sends a memo indicating such to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the faculty advisor and the dissertation chair. 

NUS 702 - Dissertation Seminar

The purpose of this one credit course is to facilitate the process of completing the dissertation for students who have completed their coursework, and to facilitate the role transition from PhD student to post-graduate roles in academia and research. Once coursework is complete, this course must be taken until the student is finished with their degree. The seminar is required each dissertating semester (a minimum of 2 credits of dissertation seminar is required), but since completing a dissertation often takes longer than 2 semesters, it is likely that students will take more than the minimum number of NUS 702 credits.

NUS 708 - Research Practicum

The purpose of this practicum is to provide students an opportunity to advance their research experience by working with a principal investigator or a team of researchers. To obtain actual research experience, the student will participate in an ongoing research program, and be supervised by a faculty mentor who has a current program of research. This is a one credit course (two credits are required) and can be completed in one semester or in two consecutive semesters, as one credit each. One credit equals a minimum of six hours per week in the practicum. The research practicum must be completed before the qualifying examination.

Students will register for this course with consent of their advisor and the research mentor who will supervise the experience. Objectives to be achieved and the plan for the semester should be developed with the mentor prior to beginning the research practicum. A form titled NUS 708 Research Practicum must be completed with the faculty mentor. A copy of the document is then submitted to the mentor, the faculty advisor, the assistant dean of PhD program, and the Office of Student Services. The form is located in the PhD UBlearns course.

In the middle and end of the semester, the student will provide written evidence of meeting the learning objectives to the mentor. The mentor may request additional evidence of meeting objectives before determining satisfactory completion of the practicum. Grading will be on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis.

On-Campus PhD Program Orientation and Research Immersion

All matriculated (new and continuing) PhD students are required to attend (in person) and participate in a student orientation and research immersion, scheduled in August immediately prior to the semester start date. Students who have defended their dissertation proposal successfully are not required to attend but are welcome to do so.

PhD Dissertation Committee

The student’s dissertation committee prepares, administers and grades the qualifying examination. The dissertation committee also is responsible for evaluating the student’s preparation for conducting a dissertation, reviewing and approving the dissertation proposal, guiding the research, certifying completion of the dissertation, and preparing the student for a successful defense.

 The student will select the dissertation chair with assistance from the faculty advisor. The student with consultation from the dissertation chair will then select the dissertation committee members. The proposed dissertation committee must be approved by the Assistant Dean of the PhD program. Once the dissertation committee is approved, the dissertation committee will oversee the remainder of the student’s work. Any change in the dissertation committee membership must be approved by the assistant dean for the PhD program. Criteria for the dissertation committee are as follows:

  1. The dissertation chair must be a PhD prepared faculty member at UB, a member of the School of Nursing faculty, and a full member of the graduate faculty.
  2. Two additional members must be full members of the graduate faculty at UB.   
  3. At least one individual on the dissertation committee must be a nurse who is a member of the School of Nursing faculty as well as a full member of the graduate faculty at UB.
  4. Members in addition to the three required members may be added as needed, to include:
    • An advisor/expert in a “distant” location
    • Post-Docs with an appropriate level of expertise

PhD Dissertation Proposal Defense

  1. The student submits the dissertation proposal to the dissertation committee for review and makes revisions based on recommendations of the dissertation committee.
  2. A date for the dissertation proposal defense is mutually decided upon by the student and the dissertation committee.
  3. The date and time of the dissertation proposal defense must be posted on the nursing faculty and doctoral student listservs at least 10 working days in advance of the scheduled defense to allow interested students and faculty the opportunity to attend. The student makes arrangements for the room, equipment and availability of IT to facilitate the participation of students/public attendees.
  4. A copy of the dissertation proposal must be made available for review on the PhD program information center on UBlearns as a PDF file. The student should provide a copy of the proposal 10 days prior to defense to the administrative staff of the PhD program, who will upload the file to UBlearns. All proposals shall have on the cover page “Privileged Communication. Do Not Copy.” No hard copy is required.
  5. The presentation should include:
    • Purpose of the dissertation
    • Background justification and significance
    • Contribution of the dissertation to theory development and/or testing
    • Theoretical framework
    • Research questions and/or hypotheses
    • Detailed description of methodology (for example, design, setting of the study, sample, measurement, data collection procedures and/or protocols, data analysis)
    • Scope and limitations of proposed research

Presentation of the proposal should continue to be made in the traditional (in-person, on-campus) manner and be limited to approximately 30 minutes. Limited exceptions to an on-campus presentation will be granted at the discretion of the assistant dean for the PhD program in consultation with the dissertation chair and PhD Committee.

Immediately following the student’s formal presentation, questions and comments will be moderated by the dissertation chair beginning with questions from the dissertation committee followed by questions from the public. Following the formal presentation, the dissertation committee, in private session, decides whether or not the student’s proposal is approved unconditionally, approved with modifications, or should be rewritten. The dissertation committee chair submits written notification regarding the outcome of the proposal defense to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the assistant dean for the PhD program Dissertation Proposal Defense form (found in PhD UBlearns site).

PhD Final Defense of the Dissertation

The final defense is a public event scheduled by the dissertation chair and student that is attended by the candidate’s dissertation committee, members of the faculty from the School of Nursing and the University as well as interested community partners and guests. The date and time of the dissertation must be posted on the nursing faculty and doctoral student listservs at least 10 working days in advance of the scheduled defense to allow interested students and faculty the opportunity to attend. The student makes arrangements for the room and equipment, and contacts IT to arrange accessibility to remote attendees. A copy of the dissertation must be made available for review at least 10 days prior to defense in PDF form on the PhD program Information site on UBlearns. The student should provide a copy to the administrative staff of the PhD program who will upload the document.

Presentation of the dissertation should be conducted in the traditional (in-person, on-campus) manner and be limited to approximately 30 minutes.  Limited exceptions to an on-campus presentation will be granted at the discretion of the assistant dean for the PhD program in consultation with the dissertation chair and PhD Committee.

Immediately following the student’s presentation, questions and comments will be moderated by the dissertation chair beginning with questions from the dissertation committee followed by questions from the public. Following the public defense, the dissertation committee will meet privately to determine the outcome of the dissertation defense.  Following a successful defense, the dissertation committee chair will send the completed Dissertation Defense Approval Form to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the assistant dean of the PhD program. If the defense is unsuccessful, the dissertation committee chair will send a written memo indicating such to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the assistant dean for the PhD program. The dissertation committee has final approval of the dissertation.

PhD Qualifying Examination

General Principles

The major purpose of the qualifying examination is to determine whether or not the student meets minimum criteria (at the doctoral level) in nursing science and research methods. The examination is designed to test the student’s knowledge related to analysis and synthesis of the graduate program course content including elective courses. The examination will focus on the student's ability to synthesize knowledge and principles relative to their focus of study. It is recommended that all required course work for the PhD degree be completed prior to taking the qualifying examination.

Specific Procedures

The dissertation chair, in consultation with the student, determines the student’s readiness to take the qualifying examination and sets the date for the examination.

  1. The student files a Notification of Intent form (found within the UBlearns PhD site) with the Office of Student Services, who will send a copy to the assistant dean for the PhD program.
  2. The dissertation committee writes the examination questions and administers and grades the examination. The examination will include questions testing the synthesis of theory, research and specialized substantive knowledge. Research questions will require the student to analyze nursing and related research, including specialized substantive knowledge, and to discuss specific research and statistical issues in general terms.  Responses to the questions should include illustrative examples. The student is given a take-home examination consisting of multiple parts; each part is to be completed within a specified time (i.e., 3-5 days). Parts of the examination may include theory, research and the student’s substantive or research interest area.  All of the questions can be given at the beginning of the examination and each part returned to the dissertation committee chair at an agreed upon time; or, one question can be given at the beginning of the examination and, upon returning it for correction, the student may receive the next question, etc.
  3. The examination should be typed (double spaced) using a 12 point font and submitted to the dissertation chair electronically.
  4. The examination will be graded individually by each member of the dissertation committee using the Qualifying Examination Evaluation form (found in UBlearns PhD site).
    • Each question and the examination as a whole is graded "pass" or "fail."
    • If the dissertation committee is not unanimous in its decision about the grade, members will meet as a group to discuss an area in which there were marked differences in evaluation.
    • At the committee's discretion, another written and/or oral examination of the student may be held to address areas of ambiguity in the student's written response.
    • If there is still disagreement about the student's performance, the decision of "pass" or "fail" will be made by majority vote.
  5. If the student passes the qualifying examination, the dissertation chair and each member of the dissertation committee signs the Examination Evaluation form and submits it to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the assistant dean for the PhD program.  If the student fails the qualifying examination, the chair of the dissertation committee sends a written memo indicating such to the Office of Student Services with a copy to the assistant dean for the PhD program.  A failed examination may be repeated once without penalty. A second failure will result in dismissal from the program. The assistant dean for the PhD program will be informed by the chair of the dissertation committee of the second failure and will notify the student that he or she is dismissed from the program.

Plan of Study - Advisement (MS/DNP)

Faculty advisors are assigned according to the students’ specialty program areas. Faculty advisors supervise and assist students in planning a program of study as well as choosing a DNP Project advisor. The student is encouraged to identify his/her focus for the DNP Project as early as possible in the program to facilitate selection of his/her DNP Project advisor.   

The student schedules a meeting with his/her faculty advisor to discuss professional goals, DNP Project area of interest, possible waiver of required course(s), transfer of credits, and use of prior coursework towards the degree (if applicable) and elective courses that contribute substantively or methodologically to the area of proposed DNP Project and to professional role development.

The Program Agreement is a working document. It is understood that as the student learns and explores new opportunities that the Program Agreement may be modified in accordance with the student’s DNP Project plan and professional goals. Therefore, the student must meet with the faculty advisor each semester to monitor progression and revise the Program Agreement as necessary. An updated Program Agreement must also be filed with the Office of Student Services on an annual basis in May. If there are revisions to the plan of study during the academic year, a revised Program Agreement must be filed immediately. The program agreement must be signed by the student and the faculty advisor every time it is updated. 

Policy and Procedure for Progression of Undergraduate Nursing Students

Students must maintain the required nursing grade point average of C+ or higher. They must also adhere to these policies relative to successful completion of required nursing courses:

  1. Students must achieve final grades of C+ or higher in all upper-division nursing courses.* Grades of “C” or below are failures.
  2. Students who fail one upper-division course will be placed on academic probation and are not considered to be in good standing with the School of Nursing.
  3. The upper-division nursing curriculum must be completed in sequence. In many cases it may be necessary for the student to take a leave of absence until the course is offered again. Failure (grades of "C" or below) of the same upper-division nursing course for a second time will result in automatic dismissal from the undergraduate program.
  4. If an undergraduate student fails a clinical course, he/she will not progress to another clinical course the following semester. A review process must be conducted by the faculty of the failed course to provide guidance to the student and to avoid safety concerns with client care.
  5. All students who fail either the clinical and/or didactic components of a chained upper-division nursing course must repeat both segments when remediating any of the following: NSG 371/373, NSG 374/375, NSG 470/474, NSG 478/481.
  6. A failure of two or more upper-division nursing courses in the same or separate semesters will result in automatic dismissal from the undergraduate program.
  7. Failure of the same upper-division course twice will result in dismissal

*Upper-division nursing courses are those required for graduation, taken by a student following acceptance as an approved nursing major.

Program Specific Cohort Guidelines

While some courses satisfy the requirements of multiple programs, students must enroll in the course sections specified for their official program. While the course description and learning outcomes are the same, in some cases the planned learning activities are specific to a population’s educational plan and experience. In particular, online RN to BS sections are geared toward the licensed professional nurse while the seated section is for pre-licensure nursing students (traditional and ABS programs). Pre-licensure ABS students may petition the Undergraduate Program Committee to take a section not designated for their official program but for another pre-licensure program if the course is not full. Traditional students will not be permitted to take summer ABS accelerated format course.

Professional Behavior

Progression is also dependent upon acceptable professional behavior. All rules of the Board of Trustees of SUNY, and all of the laws of the City of Buffalo, the Town of Amherst, the State of New York and the United States of America apply on campus and are considered part of the Student Code of Conduct. Additionally, students must immediately notify the assistant dean for undergraduate programs of all criminal arrests and convictions. While criminal proceedings will not automatically bar a student from participating in clinical situations, the academic field assistant dean must assess each individual set of circumstances to determine if the student will be allowed to participate in such clinical situations. In some circumstances, a student with a pending criminal matter may be required to refrain from participating in clinical situations until the criminal matter is resolved.

Professional behaviors such as accountability, responsibility and promptness are expectations of all nursing students. These behaviors are monitored by faculty in each course and consistent patterns of unprofessional behavior will be documented and addressed with students through an action plan for improvement. Failure to meet professional behavior expectations may affect progression and retention in the nursing program.

Evidence of any of the following behaviors, which will be documented and kept in the student's file, may result in verbal admonition, action plan for improvement, reduction in course grade, failure and/or dismissal from the program. Those behaviors with an asterisk (*) are especially serious and can result in immediate suspension from the course and/or dismissal from the program.

  1. Unsafe practice (i.e., acts of commission or omission that place a client in serious jeopardy)*
  2. Being under the influence of any substance that impairs performance*
  3. Use, possession or distribution of narcotics, controlled substances and/or related paraphernalia except as expressly permitted by law*
  4. Falsification of records (academic, clinical medical records or records documenting attendance and completion of course objectives)*
  5. Willful harassment, abuse or intimidation of a client, peer, faculty, clinical agency personnel or staff either physically, verbally or non-verbally*
  6. Academic dishonesty (e.g., cheating, lying, plagiarism, falsification of records)
  7. Stealing*
  8. Violation of confidentiality as outlined by HIPAA: Discussion of clients in public areas, accessing client health records not assigned to their care, sharing/disclosing confidential health information*
  9. Consistent pattern of lack of preparation for clinical laboratory
  10. Persistent lateness or absence for clinical laboratories without prior notification
  11. Failure to attend course at beginning of semester or to attend clinical orientations without a valid reason and prior notification to the course coordinator
  12. Lack of courtesy and decorum in the classroom, clinical practicum or community
  13. Inappropriate dress in the clinical laboratory and on-campus clinical laboratory
  14. Poor personal hygiene in the clinical laboratory and on-campus clinical laboratory
  15. Rudeness or disruptive behavior during class sessions, clinical practicum or on-campus clinical laboratory
  16. Classroom Expectation Cell Phone Use: Students who bring cell phones to campus should place them on “silent / vibrate” mode while engaged in classroom or on-campus laboratory learning experiences. Students should not access their cell phones for messages while engaged in learning activities. Students may access their cell phones in these environments at faculty direction to fulfill specific learning activities.  Other cell phone access is restricted to breaks. Students in violation of this policy will be asked to leave the classroom or on-campus laboratory learning environment.
  17. Clinical Expectation Cell Phone Use: Students who bring cell phones to the clinical learning environment (hospital or community) should keep them secure in their purse, back pack or automobile. Students are prohibited from accessing cell phones in any clinical environment except during breaks in a break room, the cafeteria or non-patient care areas. Hospital/agency policies forbid personal cell phone use in patient care areas. Computer resources in the clinical agencies can be used to access medication and evidence-based practice information. Students in violation of this policy in the clinical learning environment will receive an unsatisfactory grade for the clinical day regarding “professionalism” and will have a faculty-student contract provided to outline necessary steps need to achieve a satisfactory grade.
  18. Failure to keep appointments with faculty

Post-Baccalaureate Program Progression and Requirements for Graduation

Students must maintain a grade of 3.0 or better in all required courses to graduate from the program. Graduation is dependent on the completion of a DNP Project and all required courses on the degree plan established by the advisor and student. The DNP Project topic will be determined after consultation with the DNP Project Course faculty, program advisor, community partner or mentor, and student as soon possible. Coursework preceding the DNP Project is designed to help the student develop the literature review and methods to accomplish the DNP Projects.

Post-Master’s Program Progression and Requirements for Graduation

Students must maintain a 3.0 GPA to automatically progress in the DNP program. Graduation is dependent on the completion of a DNP Project and all required courses on the degree plan established by the advisor and student. The DNP Project topic will be determined by the program advisor, community partner or mentor, and student as soon as possible.

Post-MS to PhD Transfer Credits

Post-MS to PhD students are eligible to transfer a minimum of 15 credits from their Master’s program. To graduate from the Post-MS PhD program, students must have a minimum of 72 credits (transfer and UB unique); 36 must be unique to UB.

Probationary and Dismissal Procedure (MS/DNP)

Should a student not fulfill one or more of the progression standards, he/she will be placed on academic probation or dismissed from the program. The Office of Student Services will identify any student who may be considered for dismissal or probationary status and will notify the respective program coordinator and the student of his/her failure to meet progression requirements.

Students who have been removed from probationary status and receive a second failing grade or receive two grades less than “B” in the same semester will be automatically dismissed from their program. Similarly, students who have repeated a course and earned two failing grades (less than “B”) in the same course will be dismissed. For DNP students, any failure (less than “B”) of a clinical practicum course will result in an automatic dismissal.

The Office of Student Services will review the record of a student on academic probation at the end of the next semester and will notify the program coordinator and the MS/DNP Committee of the student’s progress or failure to meet the conditions of probation. A student will be subject to dismissal from the program if all requirements are not met in accordance with the letter of probation. Students admitted provisionally must meet all progression standards during their first semester of enrollment as well as the conditions of their provisional acceptance to continue in the program.

The student may appeal to the MS/DNP Committee and should have his/her program coordinator’s endorsement to be considered for reinstatement.

The Director of Student Services informs the student when his/her status in the School of Nursing changes as a result of failure to meet progression requirements (i.e., probation or dismissal). The director of Student Services also notifies the student of dismissal from the School of Nursing and provides information about the dismissal appeal process along with the specific time frame for completion of a written petition to the MS/DNP Committee.

Professional Dress

Students are expected to maintain a professional appearance in all clinical settings and must comply with additional agency policies. MS/DNP students participating in clinical experiences are required to wear the designated School of Nursing laboratory coat, providing the clinical agency requires it, and refrain from visible piercings and tattoos. The long laboratory coat has a UB/School of Nursing identification patch on the sleeve and identifying information on the front of the coat. The laboratory coat is available at the University Medical Bookstore.

Professional Socialization Requirement

All matriculated PhD students will participate in a program of non-credit activities to support professional socialization. Until the completion of coursework, PhD students will be required to participate in four professional socialization activities per semester. After completion of coursework, such PhD students will be required to attend three such activities per semester. Students are encouraged to attend a variety of events and are expected to join and participate in a School of Nursing Scholarly Team, preferably that of their advisor or chair, for at least the first two years of the program. Students should feel free to attend other scholarly team meetings as needed.

  • Professional socialization activities may include (but are not limited to) the following:
  • Attendance at the School of Nursing Lunch and Learn Symposia
  • Attendance at School of Nursing research functions or special presentations
  • Attendance at Scholarly Team meetings
  • Attendance at proposal or dissertation defenses
  • Presentation of a paper at a local, national or international professional meeting
  • Authorship of a paper for publication

Activities supporting the fulfillment of the professional socialization requirement should be planned in collaboration with the student’s faculty advisor who will assess the appropriateness of activities proposed by the student and establish the means by which such activities are documented.

Failure to attend at least four professional socialization activities per semester (or three per semester after coursework is complete) will result in review of the student’s standing by the PhD Committee and potentially the requirement to perform an additional scholarly activity. Typically, working over 20 hours per week for full-time students is discouraged. International students seeking employment must consult with International Student and Scholars Services as immigration and visa implications may arise.

Progression of MS/DNP Student

Progression of an MS or DNP student is dependent on receiving a grade of "B" or better or “S” in all required courses, maintaining an overall grade point average of at least 3.00 ("B") and demonstrating acceptable professional behavior. 

Professional Behavior

Progression is also dependent upon acceptable professional behavior. All rules of the Board of Trustees of SUNY, and all of the laws of the City of Buffalo, the Town of Amherst, the State of New York and the United States of America apply on campus and are considered part of the Student Code of Conduct. Additionally, students must immediately notify the appropriate program coordinator of all criminal arrests and convictions. While criminal proceedings will not automatically bar a student from participating in clinical situations, the Assistant Dean for MS and DNP programs must assess each individual set of circumstances to determine if the student will be allowed to participate in such clinical situations. In some circumstances, a student with a pending criminal matter may be required to refrain from participating in clinical situations until the criminal matter is resolved.

Professional behaviors such as accountability, responsibility and promptness are expectations of all nursing students. These behaviors are monitored by faculty and consistent patterns of unprofessional behavior will be documented and addressed with students through an action plan for improvement. Failure to meet professional behavior expectations may affect progression and retention in the nursing program.

Evidence of any of the following behaviors, which will be documented and kept in the student's file, may result in verbal admonition, action plan for improvement, reduction in course grade, failure and/or dismissal from the program. Those behaviors with an asterisk (*) are especially serious and can result in immediate suspension from the course and/or dismissal from the program.

  1. Unsafe practice (i.e., acts of commission or omission that place a client in serious jeopardy)*
  2. Being under the influence of any substance that impairs performance*
  3. Use, possession or distribution of narcotics, controlled substances and/or related paraphernalia except as expressly permitted by law*
  4. Falsification of records (academic, clinical medical records or records documenting attendance and completion of course objectives)*
  5. Willful harassment, abuse or intimidation of a client, peer, faculty, clinical agency personnel or staff either physically, verbally or non-verbally*
  6. Academic dishonesty (e.g., cheating, lying, plagiarism, falsification of records)
  7. Stealing*
  8. Violation of confidentiality as outlined by HIPAA: Discussion of clients in public areas, accessing client health records not assigned to their care, sharing/disclosing confidential health information*
  9. Consistent pattern of lack of preparation for clinical laboratory
  10. Persistent lateness or absence for clinical laboratories without prior notification
  11. Failure to attend any course at the beginning of a semester or to attend clinical orientations without a valid reason and prior notification to the course coordinator
  12. Lack of courtesy and decorum in the classroom, clinical practicum or community
  13. Inappropriate dress in the clinical laboratory and on-campus clinical laboratory
  14. Poor personal hygiene in the clinical laboratory and on-campus clinical laboratory
  15. Rudeness or disruptive behavior during class sessions, clinical practicum or on-campus clinical laboratory
  16. Classroom Expectation Cell Phone Use: Students who bring cell phones to campus should place them on “silent / vibrate” mode while engaged in classroom or on-campus laboratory learning experiences. Students should not access their cell phones for messages while engaged in learning activities. Students may access their cell phones in these environments at faculty direction to fulfill specific learning activities.  Other cell phone access is restricted to breaks. Students in violation of this policy will be asked to leave the classroom or on-campus laboratory learning environment.
  17. Clinical Expectation Cell Phone Use: Students who bring cell phones to the clinical learning environment (hospital or community) should keep them secure in their purse, back pack or automobile. Students are prohibited from accessing cell phones in any clinical environment except during breaks in a break room, the cafeteria or non-patient care areas. Hospital/agency policies forbid personal cell phone use in patient care areas. Computer resources in the clinical agencies can be used to access medication and evidence-based practice information. Students in violation of this policy in the clinical learning environment will receive an unsatisfactory grade for the clinical day regarding “professionalism” and will have a faculty-student contract provided to outline necessary steps needed to achieve a satisfactory grade.
  18. Failure to keep appointments with faculty.

Evidence of unacceptable professional behavior, which will be documented and kept in the student’s record, may result in verbal admonition, written warning, reduction in course grade, failure, dismissal from the program or immediate suspension from the nursing course(s).

Progression of PhD Students

All BS-PhD students must maintain a 3.25 grade point average during the first year of study and will be evaluated after the first year by the PhD Committee. Following the first year for BS-PhD and for all MS-PhD students, a 3.00 GPA or B average must be maintained to progress through the program.  All students will be evaluated by the PhD faculty every spring prior to continuing in the PhD coursework.

Readmission Appeal Process

  1. The student will submit a petition through the director of student services no later than 45 academic days* following the dated dismissal notification. The petition must include a statement by the student to the MS/DNP Committee which indicates the student’s perception of the factors which contributed to his/her present status as well as a plan for removing obstacles to his/her successful progression in the School of Nursing, if readmitted.
  2. The student's program coordinator will also submit a statement to the MS/DNP Committee that includes his/her perception of the factors which contributed to the student’s present status as well as recommendation, with rationale, to grant or deny readmission of the student.
  3. The above statements (1 and 2) and the academic record of the student will be evaluated by the MS/DNP Committee. If the need arises, any one of the parties may be requested to provide additional information to the MS/DNP Committee, in writing or in person.
  4. The decision of the MS/DNP Program Committee will be forwarded to the student, the Assistant Dean for MS/DNP programs and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs by the Director of Student Services, within 25 academic days* of receipt of the student’s appeal statement.  Late appeals may be considered at the discretion of the MS/DNP Program Committee.
  5. If the appeal is granted, notice of that will include the terms and conditions of continued progression in the School of Nursing.  Students who are granted continued study will be permanently dismissed without opportunity for appeal, following an additional failure of any graduate level nursing course or other violation of the student code of conduct.
  6. Appeal decisions are final.  Students who are permanently dismissed from the School of Nursing MS or DNP programs are not eligible to re-apply, per our admissions policy.

*Academic days are defined as weekdays when classes are in session, not including the summer or winter sessions. 

Recommendations for Prevention and Management of Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure in Health Care Settings for Students

The School of Nursing has adopted the 2001 recommendation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) transmission in health-care settings.  Please review the June 2005 summary information from the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Reporting Bias-Related Confrontations and Incidents

The School of Nursing has identified a Sexual Harassment Information Advisor who serves as a source of information and support for employees and students who have concerns about sexual harassment. Professor Suzanne Dickerson has received extensive sexual harassment training, conducted by the Director of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI), to act as an educator and trainer and provide general information on sexual harassment. Students may contact the School of Nursing Sexual Harassment Information Advisor with any related questions or concerns. If a student has a diagnosed physical, learning or psychological disability that has been certified by the University’s Office of Accessibility Resources (AR) which requires accommodations such as recruiting note takers, readers, or extended time on exams and or assignments, students should provide instructors with the AR verification as soon as possible so that accommodations can be considered.

Return of Examination and Written Assignments to Students

Objective type examinations (true/false, multiple choice, etc.) are primarily evaluation tools. Because the items on these examinations are constantly being evaluated for reliability, difficulty level and discrimination ability, with appropriate refinements being made, it is essential that these examinations be retained by the faculty. Along with this right to retain all copies of the examination go certain responsibilities:

  1. Faculty review the pscho metrics for each test question for clarity, correct item construction and accuracy.
  2. Provision must be made for students to review the examinations and their answers, and to clarify with appropriate faculty members not only which questions were answered correctly or incorrectly, but how and why they were correct or incorrect. If an examination has any potential for student learning, it is probably at this point of review and discussion with faculty.
  3. The faculty must keep on file for at least two years not only a copy of the original examination, but all student answer sheets. In the event that a grievance is filed by a student during this period, the faculty member involved must be able to produce the student's examination paper.

Students also have corresponding rights and responsibilities related to the review of objective examinations:

  1. They have the right to review and discuss the examination, and the right to challenge and redress.
  2. They have the responsibility to maintain the confidentiality of the examination by not copying or photographing actual questions and answer options from the examination.
  3. They are responsible for making appointments with those faculty members whom they wish to see regarding an examination and for leaving written messages when faculty are unavailable. It is impossible to mesh the busy schedules of students and faculty to allow for sufficient discussion time when an informal "drop-in" arrangement is employed.

Essay type examinations, term papers, written care plans, etc., have significant potential for student learning and students can often utilize these long after the particular assignment has been completed. These examinations and assignments, which often contain the faculty member's written critique, should be returned to the students. This does not interfere with the students' right to discuss the examination or assignment with faculty nor relieve students of the responsibility for making appointments with faculty for these discussions.

School of Nursing ID badge

All UB School of Nursing students in clinical courses are required to obtain the official ID badge approved by the School of Nursing and issued by the UB Card Office.  Please follow this procedure to obtain a School of Nursing ID badge:

  • Students need to complete and sign an authorization form allowing the UB Card Office to use their UB card photo for their School of Nursing ID badges that are necessary for clinical.  Authorization forms will be provided by the Office of Student Services (Beck Hall); they are not available in the UB Card Office.
  • Upon completion of the form, the Office of Student Services will forward the correct information to the UB Card Office authorizing the issuance of the School of Nursing ID badge.
  • During the fall and spring semesters, the School of Nursing ID badge will be available in the South Campus UB Card Office, during the summer, ID badges are available in at the North Campus UB Card Office in approximately 3 business days.  The South Campus Card Office may be contacted at 829-3682.
  • The cost of the ID card and clip is $10.00 payable to the UB Card Office when you pick up your card.

SPEAK Test for Non-Native English Speakers

In the field of nursing, communication is an important skill as it allows nurses to understand patient needs and helps to ensure the delivery of safe care. Prior to starting the program, admitted non-native English speakers will be required to take the SPEAK (Speaking Proficiency English Assessment Kit) test unless they have attended an English-speaking high school for four or more years; however, it is highly recommended that all non-native English speakers take the SPEAK test. Students who do not meet a minimum score of 50 will be required to participate in a simulated patient encounter in an effort to further evaluate English comprehension and usage. In addition, students will be linked with a Student Services staff member to discuss plans for utilizing support services and participating in activities that may help with the improvement of communication skills. The SPEAK Test is administered by the UB English Language Institute. 

Statistics Assessment for Placement

All accepted Post-MS to PhD students must take and pass the statistical assessment test to enroll in NUS 694 Quantitative Methods in Health Care Research (the first course in the PhD level statistics series in the School of Nursing). Minimum passing score is >80% on each of the four parts. Students should consult with their advisors first prior to enrolling in NUS 694. If students do not achieve a passing score, they are required to complete a graduate level statistics course with grade B or higher (NGC 527 or approved substitute course).

For new students the assessment must be completed during the summer prior to their fall enrollment.

The assessment is self-administered through the UBlearns Blackboard system, where detailed information about the assessment can be found. Incoming students are given access to the system upon admission to the program. 

Student Assignment Drop Boxes for Paper Assignments (Undergraduate)

Student assignments will be turned in to the faculty using the assignment drop boxes located outside 220 Wende Hall and outside 316 Wende Hall.

The drop boxes outside 220 Wende Hall will be designated for specific courses:

  • NSG 370/371, NSG 410, NSG 374/375
  • NSG 470/474, NSG 475
  • NSG 478/481, NSG 311, NSG 447
  • NSG 393/472, NSG 479

The drop boxes outside 316 Wende Hall will be designated for:

  • NSG 348, NSG 309
  • All other items for faculty that are non-course related or not listed for designated boxes

Students are required to follow these guidelines when placing material in the drop box:

  • Place name on each sheet of assignment
  • Staple assignment
  • Place assignment in a white/gold 9”x12” or 10”x13” single clasp envelope. Students are responsible for providing their own envelopes.
  • Close clasp
  • Place name, course number, and date and time of submission on outside of envelope

Assignments not in an envelope and meeting the above guidelines will not be accepted. Assignments designated to be submitted through UBlearns will not be accepted if placed in the drop box.

Student Consultation Report Action Plan for Improvement Contract

A form will be utilized to document faculty concerns related to unsatisfactory professional behavior and/or inadequate performance. The form is to be signed by the student and the faculty member and placed in the student's file.

The course coordinator and assistant dean for undergraduate programs will be notified of documented behaviors. The assistant dean for undergraduate programs in consultation with the course coordinator and faculty may dismiss a student from a course and/or the nursing program if behavior is especially serious and flagged with an asterisk (*) in the Professional Behavior section.

Student Evaluations of Courses and Faculty Teaching Effectiveness

The UB Course Evaluation system is the University’s anonymous web-based approach to course and instructor assessment. Students use UB Course Evaluation to submit their evaluations of courses just completed. Instructors have access to these evaluations after their grades are submitted and faculty use this data for course quality improvement. Students are encouraged to provide thoughtful constructive feedback to the faculty to improve the course and teaching methods/strategies. All you need is a web browser or smart phone and your UBIT login to begin.

Survey of Earned Doctorates

Technical Standards for Admission, Academic Progression and Graduation

The mission of the University at Buffalo School of Nursing is to foster an environment of academic and scholarly excellence that develops nurse leaders who will improve the health and wellness of local, national and global communities. The UB School of Nursing baccalaureate programs are accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). Our highly competitive programs are designed to prepare students for the expanding role of professional nurses and the challenging work environments of contemporary nurses. Therefore, the faculty has determined that certain technical standards are requisite for admission, progression and graduation from the nursing programs.

In addition to classroom learning, clinical learning occurs throughout the program and involves considerations (such as patient safety and clinical facilities) that are not present in classroom environments. For this reason, any applicant or student who seeks accommodations prior to or immediately after enrolling in the nursing programs, in order to meet the technical standards set forth below, must present a complete plan for completion of the standard(s) with accommodations to the Undergraduate Program Committee for approval. Applicants and students may consult with UB’s Office of Accessibility Resources for assistance in identifying reasonable accommodations and engaging in an interactive process with the School of Nursing to determine the plan for alternative completion. Reasonable accommodations may not fundamentally alter the academic program, pose a direct threat to health or safety, or significantly interfere with the essential functions of clinical performance. Please note that our Traditional and Accelerated programs are offered as full-time cohort programs only.

An individual must be able to independently, with or without reasonable accommodation, meet the following technical standards of general abilities and those specifically of (1) observation; (2) communication; (3) motor; (4) intellectual, conceptual and quantitative; (5) essential behavioral and social attributes; and (6) ability to manage stressful situations. Individuals unable to meet these technical standards, with or without reasonable accommodation, will not be able to complete the program and are counseled to consider alternative programs.

In order to achieve appropriate learning outcomes and connect complex concepts, our Traditional and Accelerated Programs are offered in a full-time format only.

General Abilities

The student is expected to possess functional use of the senses of vision, touch, hearing and smell so that data received by the senses may be integrated, analyzed and synthesized in a consistent and accurate manner. A student must also possess the ability to perceive pain, pressure, temperature, position, vibration and movement, which are important to the student's ability to gather significant information needed to effectively assess and evaluate patients. A student must be able to respond promptly to urgent situations that may occur during clinical training activities and must not hinder the ability of other members of the health care team to provide prompt treatment and care to patients.

Observational Abilities

The student must have sufficient capacity to make accurate visual observations and interpret them in the context of laboratory studies, medication administration and patient care activities. In addition, the student must be able to document these observations and maintain accurate records.

Communication Ability

The student must communicate effectively both verbally and non-verbally to elicit information and to translate that information to others. Each student must have the ability to read, write, comprehend and speak the English language to facilitate communication with patients, their family members and other professionals in health care settings. In addition, the student must be able to read, interpret and document in electronic or other form of patient records accurately, present information in a professional, logical manner and provide patient counseling and instruction to effectively care for patients and their families. The student must possess verbal and written communication skills that permit effective communication with instructors and students in both the classroom and clinical settings.

Motor Ability

The student must be able to perform gross and fine motor movements with sufficient coordination needed to perform complete physical examinations utilizing the techniques of inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation and other diagnostic maneuvers. A student must develop the psychomotor skills reasonably needed to perform or assist with procedures, treatments, administration of medication, management and operation of diagnostic and therapeutic medical equipment, and such maneuvers to assist with patient care activities such as lifting, wheel chair guidance and mobility. The student must have sufficient levels of neuromuscular control and eye-to-hand coordination as well as possess the physical and mental stamina to meet the demands associated with extended periods of sitting, standing, moving and physical exertion required for satisfactory and safe performance in the clinical and classroom settings including performing CPR, if necessary. The student must possess the ability of manual dexterity that would be required for certain activities, such as drawing up solutions in a syringe.

Intellectual, Conceptual and Quantitative Abilities

The student must be able to develop and refine problem-solving skills that are crucial to practice as a nurse. Problem-solving involves the abilities to measure, calculate, reason, analyze and synthesize objective and subjective data, and to make decisions, often in a time urgent environment, that reflect consistent and thoughtful deliberation and sound clinical judgment. Each student must demonstrate mastery of these skills and possess the ability to incorporate new information from peers, teachers, and the nursing and medical literature to formulate sound judgment in patient assessment, intervention, evaluation, teaching and setting short and long-term goals.

Behavioral and Social Attributes

Compassion, integrity, motivation, effective interpersonal skills and concern for others are personal attributes required of those in the nursing programs. Personal comfort and acceptance of the role of a nurse functioning under supervision of a clinical instructor or preceptor is essential for a nursing student. The student must possess the skills required for full utilization of the student's intellectual abilities; the exercise of good judgment; the prompt completion of all responsibilities in the classroom and clinical settings; and the development of mature, sensitive, and effective relationships with patients and other members of the health care team. Each student must be able to exercise stable, sound judgment and to complete assessment and interventional activities. The ability to establish rapport and maintain sensitive, interpersonal relationships with individuals, families, and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural and intellectual backgrounds is critical for practice as a nurse. The student must be able to adapt to changing environments; display flexibility; accept and integrate constructive criticism given in the classroom and clinical settings; effectively interact in the clinical setting with other members of the healthcare team; and learn to function cooperatively and efficiently in the face of uncertainties inherent in clinical practice.

Ability to Manage Stressful Situations

The student must be able to adapt to and function effectively to stressful situations in both the classroom and clinical settings, including emergency situations. The student will encounter multiple stressors while in the nursing programs. These stressors may be (but are not limited to) personal, patient care/family, faculty/peer, and or program-related.

Technical Standards adapted from Drexel University, College of Nursing and Health Professionals.

Technology Requirements (Undergraduate)

All upper division traditional and ABS nursing majors must have access to a portable computer that they can bring to class. Faculty will be utilizing online resources for academic learning activities and examinations. Laptops must meet the University’s technology/software requirements for undergraduate students.

Transportation

Clinical assignments are arranged in several community agencies and settings. These placements require individuals to have access to transportation (car or public). Students are responsible for their transportation to assigned clinical settings and any parking fees on site. Carpooling is recommended when possible.

Undergraduate Program Outcomes

  1. Provide compassionate, holistic, culturally relevant, evidence-based care related to “wellness, health promotion, illness, injury and disease prevention, disease management and end-of-life care across the life span.”
  2. Collaborate with an interprofessional health care team to achieve quality outcomes within integrated health care systems.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills in the management and coordination of patient-centered, safe, effective health care for individuals, families and populations.
  4. Use informatics; effective oral, written, and electronic communication; and patient care technology to share information and provide quality health care.
  5. Advocate for health care equality using principles of social justice and professional values. 
  6. Provide population-based nursing care.
  7. Practice professional nursing using the Nursing Code of Ethics and engage in lifelong learning.
  8. Practice within the framework of legislative, economic, environmental and regulatory processes to influence and improve the provision of health care.

Uniform Code

Undergraduate students are expected to maintain a professional appearance in the Clinical Skills Lab, Health Assessment Lab and clinical settings. Students are also expected to comply with agency policy, which includes such items as:

  • Clothes: clean, neat and appropriate length
  • Hair: clean, and off collar, color within naturally occurring color tones
  • Nails: clean and short, no artificial nails or tips, conservative nail polish
  • Jewelry: should be restricted to small pierced earrings (one per ear) and wedding band; no other visible piercings (e.g., nose, eyebrow, lip)
  • Tattoos: covered except when in conflict with sight specific hospital policy
  • Beards must be short, clean and neat; non-bearded men must be clean shaven
  • Students must wear their nursing ID badge and UB pin during all clinical experiences as well as in the Clinical Skills Lab

Hospital Settings

The complete student uniform consists of the following:

Attire

  • UB blue scrubs: straight leg and v-neck top. Only plain white t-shirts can be worn underneath the embroidered v-neck top. Scrubs are available at the University Medical Bookstore. Please note: UB School of Nursing scrubs should only be worn during assigned educational clinical experiences on or off campus. UBSON scrubs may be worn during travel to and from clinical experiences; however, they should not be worn when working for pay in a community agency, when engaged in social activities in commercial settings or other public venues.
  • Shoes: totally white closed-toe, closed-heel shoes or sneakers that may be wiped clean, to be worn exclusively in clinical setting (no canvas)
  • White or neutral socks
  • Nursing ID badge
  • UB Pin: provided to students during the UBSON pinning ceremony at the beginning of junior and senior level classes
Note:

Some clinical agencies may require students to wear an agency ID badge in addition to the Nursing ID. In the event a cost is associated with an agency ID badge the School of Nursing will pay a one-time fee for the badge. Students will be responsible for any replacement cost in the event an agency ID badge is lost.

Equipment

  • Watch with sweep second hand or digital second readout
  • Bandage scissors
  • Pen
  • Stethoscope and sphygmomanometer

Community Setting

The complete student uniform consists of the following:

Attire

  • Blue UB polo shirt: embroidered UB logo on the left front with “School of Nursing” under the logo. Available from the University Medical Bookstore.
  • Full length black pants that sit at the traditional waist, plain or front pleat that are neatly pressed. Black capri pants or black Bermuda shorts no more than two inches above the knee may be worn during the summer semester or the fall/spring semesters when temperature is above 75 degrees. Suggested retailers are Land’s End and LL Bean.
  • Shoes: closed-toe, closed-heel shoes that are clean and in good repair
  • Black socks
  • Nursing ID badge and UB pin

Unsatisfactory Academic Progress

A student who does not fulfill one or more of these requirements at any time will be notified in writing by the appropriate administrative officer of the School of Nursing:

  1. The course coordinator informs the student if there is a failure in meeting course requirements with a copy of the letter sent to the director of student services, the assistant dean for undergraduate programs and the associate dean for academic affairs.
  2. The director of student services informs the student when his/her status in the School changes as a result of the failure.
  3. The director of student services notifies the student of dismissal from the School of Nursing.
  4. The director of student services will drop the student from any subsequent coursework that cannot be cannot be started due to the student’s academic status.
  5. Students are responsible for any financial ramifications associated with dropped, resigned or failed coursework.